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Much - Many - A lot of

These quantifiers are used to express the quantity of things or people. We usually use much and many with negative sentences and questions. In positive sentences, we use a lot of or lots of.

Many is used with only countable nouns. It is used only with negative sentences and questions:
  • He doesn't have many books.

  • Can you speak many languages?

  • We didn't see many children there.

  • Do you have many friends here?
  • I don't have many  problems.

Much is used with only uncountable nouns. It is used only with negative sentences and questions:
  • She didn't drink much milk today.

  • Do you have much work?

  • Did she have much money?

  • I've gained a lot of weight over the last year because I haven't been doing much exercise.

  • Larry doesn't have much experience.

  • They don't have much time.

A lot of or lots  of  is used with both countable and uncountable nouns. A lot of can be used in all sentences: positive, negative and question.
  • You don't need to get lots of sleep.
  • Can they earn a lot of money?

  • We drank a lot of cold water.

  • My sister spends lots of money.

  • Lots of dogs and cats exhibit strange behaviors before earthquakes.

  • Lots of animals on this planet are facing extinction.

  • It can take a lot of years to master a foreign language.

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